COPS Resources

Title Funding Organization Subject PDF TXT HTML Abstract
Addressing School-Related Crime and Disorder COPS / Institute for Criminal Justice Ethics COPS Toolkit for Addressing Specific Gang Problems PDF TXT HTML Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), Institute for Criminal Justice Ethics, September 2001. Under the COPS funded School-Based Partnerships grant program, law enforcement agencies partnered with schools to address local crime and disorder problems. Grantees utilized problem-solving techniques to better understand the causes of identified problems, apply analysis-driven responses, and evaluate their efforts.
Benefits and Consequences of Police Crackdowns COPS COPS Toolkit for Addressing Specific Gang Problems PDF TXT HTML Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), August 2006. This response guide deals with police crackdowns, a response commonly used to address crime and disorder problems. Crackdowns involve high police visibility and numerous arrests. They may use undercover or plainclothes officers working with uniformed police, and may involve other official actions in addition to arrests. This guide provides the reader with on overview of the types of crackdowns, how crackdowns work to reduce crime, and how law enforcement can use crackdowns to address specific problems, such as robbery, burglary, gun-related crime, traffic problems, drug problems and street prostitution.
Bullying in Schools COPS COPS Toolkit for Addressing Specific Gang Problems PDF TXT HTML Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), June 2009. There is always concern about school violence, and police have assumed greater responsibility for helping school officials ensure students’ safety. As pressure increases to place officers in schools, police agencies must decide how best to contribute to student safety. This guide provides police with information about the causes and extent of bullying in schools and recommendations for developing effective approaches and practices that contribute to student safety.
Creative Partnerships: Supporting Youth, Building Communities COPS COPS Toolkit for Addressing Specific Gang Problems PDF TXT HTML Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), January 2005. This COPS Innovations piece highlights community policing approaches to developing partnerships with youth. Three youth-focused programs funded by the COPS Office serve as examples of partnerships that law enforcement, schools, and community organizations can form to address issues of juvenile crime and victimization.
Crime Mapping News, Volume 6 Issue 3, Summer 2004 COPS / Police Foundation COPS Toolkit for Addressing Specific Gang Problems PDF TXT HTML Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), Police Foundation, January 2005. The topic of this issue of Crime Mapping News is about the use of crime mapping and crime analysis to address gang-related activity in diverse environments. The first article is about important factors to consider when creating gang maps for analysis. The second article discusses the use of mapping in analyzing a specific gang whose activity and culture have spread nationwide. The third article describes an intelligence process used in combination with crime mapping to combat both gang activity and networking among gang members inside and outside of a correctional institution in the eastern United States
Cruising COPS COPS Toolkit for Addressing Specific Gang Problems PDF TXT HTML Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), January 2005. Cruising is a pastime largely confined to downtown areas, often referred to as "unnecessary repetitive driving." This guide provides a general discussion of the problem of cruising and reviews the factors that contribute to it. The guide also identifies questions law enforcement should ask when dealing with a cruising problem, proposes numerous responses to the problem, and identifies ways to measure the effectiveness of responses to the problem.
Disorderly Youth in Public Places COPS COPS Toolkit for Addressing Specific Gang Problems PDF TXT HTML Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), July 2006. Disorderly youth in public places constitute one of the most common problems facing many police agencies. This problem-oriented guide for police provides a general discussion of the problem of disorderly youth in public places and reviews the factors that contribute to it. The guide also identifies questions to ask when dealing with a disorderly youth problem, proposes numerous responses to the problem, and identifies ways to measure the effectiveness of responses to the problem.
Drive-By Shootings COPS COPS Toolkit for Addressing Specific Gang Problems / Criminal Behavior of Gangs PDF TXT HTML Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), April 2007. Drive-by shootings are but one aspect of the larger set of problems related to gang and gun violence. This guide addresses the particular harms drive-by shootings cause by describing the problem of drive-by shootings and reviewing factors that increase its risks. It then identifies a series of questions to help law enforcement analyze their local drive-by shootings problem. Finally, it reviews responses to the problem and what is known about them from evaluative research and police practice.
Drug Dealing in Open-Air Markets COPS COPS Toolkit for Addressing Specific Gang Problems PDF TXT HTML Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), August 2006. Open-air markets represent the lowest level of the drug distribution network. Low-level markets need to be tackled effectively to reduce the harms that illicit drug use can inflict on the local community. This guide describes the problem and reviews the factors that increase the risks of drug dealing in open-air markets. The guide then identifies a series of questions that might assist agencies in analyzing their local problem and reviews responses to the problem and what is known about these from evaluative research and police practice.
Drug Dealing in Privately Owned Apartment Complexes COPS COPS Toolkit for Addressing Specific Gang Problems PDF TXT HTML Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), August 2006. This problem-oriented guide for police focuses on drug dealing in privately owned apartment complexes. It clearly distinguishes between open- and closed-drug markets, provides information on what is known about each market type, and offers questions to ask when analyzing each market. It also proposes various responses designed to closed-drug markets and provides a full range of problem-specific measures to determine the effectiveness of those responses.
Gang Reference Card for Parents (English) COPS COPS Toolkit for Addressing Specific Gang Problems PDF   HTML Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), October 2005. This quick and easy reference guide provides common warning signs of gang involvement. Parents are encouraged to familiarize themselves with local gangs symbols, seek help early, and consider contacting school officials, local law enforcement, faith leaders, and community organizations for additional assistance. The Gang Reference Card for Parents is available in English, Spanish, Hmong, and Vietnamese.
Gang Reference Card for Parents (Spanish) COPS COPS Toolkit for Addressing Specific Gang Problems PDF   HTML  
Gang Reference Card for Parents (Hmong) COPS COPS Toolkit for Addressing Specific Gang Problems PDF   HTML  
Gang Reference Card for Parents (Vietnamese) COPS COPS Toolkit for Addressing Specific Gang Problems PDF   HTML  
Graffiti COPS COPS Toolkit for Addressing Specific Gang Problems / Criminal Behavior of Gangs PDF TXT HTML Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), June 2009. This problem-oriented guide for police addresses effective responses to the problem of graffiti – the wide range of markings, etchings, and paintings that deface public or private property. In recent decades, graffiti has become an extensive problem, spreading from the largest cities to other locales. This guide provides law enforcement with a series of questions to consider when analyzing their local graffiti problem and reviews responses to the problem based on evaluative research and police practice.
Gun Violence Among Serious Young Offenders COPS COPS Toolkit for Addressing Specific Gang Problems PDF TXT HTML Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), May 2007. While gun violence among young offenders seems to pervade our society, it is remarkably clustered among high-risk people, in high-risk places, at high-risk times. This concentration of violence provides an important opportunity for police to strategically address a seemingly intractable problem. This guide identifies a series of questions to help law enforcement analyze their local problem and reviews responses to the problem and what is known about them from evaluative research and police practice.
How to Analyze and Battle Incidents of Graffiti: CgrAs - Citywide Graffiti Abatement System COPS / Police Foundation COPS Toolkit for Addressing Specific Gang Problems / Law Enforcement Responses to Addressing Gang Activity PDF TXT HTML Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), Police Foundation, July 2004. This issue, the second of 2004, contains articles on the use of global positioning systems (GPS) and geographic information systems (GIS) in law enforcement. The first article in this issue is about the use of GPS and GIS in the state of North Carolina and focuses on truck crashes and commercial vehicle enforcement. The second article is about the use of GPS-enabled digital cameras to analyze gang-related graffiti incidents in Santa Monica, CA. Finally, the third article is a recap of the recent International Crime Mapping Research Conference that took place in March 2004 in Boston, MA.
Jail Information Model COPS Related Resources PDF TXT HTML Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), November 2006. The Jail Information Model is a new process designed to cultivate jail-based information about internal and external safety and security issues, and to disseminate it to the appropriate offices or agencies in order to solve or prevent crimes and improve public safety. This Jail Information Model encourages and promotes a paradigm shift from traditional corrections activities to proactive public safety capabilities. This shift helps to solve current crimes, prevent future crimes or reduce their impact, save lives and property in the jail and the community, and improve community quality of life. This report highlights the success and lessons learned in the three pilot sites used in this project.
Juvenile Runaways COPS COPS Toolkit for Addressing Specific Gang Problems PDF TXT HTML Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), March 2006. Police encounter juveniles for many reasons related to their running away from home. This guide begins by describing the problem of juvenile runaways and reviewing its risk factors. It then identifies a series of questions to help law enforcement analyze their local juvenile runaway problem. Finally, it reviews responses to the problem and what is known about them from evaluative research and police practice.
Problem-Solving Tips: A Guide to Reducing Crime and Disorder through Problem-Solving Partnerships COPS COPS Toolkit for Addressing Specific Gang Problems / Related Resources PDF TXT HTML Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), July 2006. This guidebook, part of the Problem-Oriented Guides for Police series, will help communities use the SARA model (scanning, analysis, response and assessment) for building problem-solving partnerships.
Regional Community Policing Institutes (RCPIs) COPS COPS Toolkit for Addressing Specific Gang Problems     HTML Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), n.d. Regional Community Policing Institutes (RCPIs), funded by the COPS Office, provide comprehensive and innovative community policing education, training and technical assistance to COPS grantees throughout the nation. Training is delivered using adult-learning principles via interactive classroom instruction, CD-ROMS, community forums, teleconferences and the Internet and strives to provide a forum in which law enforcement and community members can discuss sensitive issues.
Strategies to Address Gang Crime: A Guidebook for Local Law Enforcement COPS Statistics and Research on Gangs PDF TXT HTML Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), April 2008. To assist law enforcement and parents in identifying and addressing gang crime, the COPS Office has developed a variety of tools and resources including Strategies to Address Gang Crime: A Guidebook for Local Law Enforcement. Author Scott H. Decker, PhD provides information about developing and enhancing local law enforcement responses to gangs in their jurisdictions. The focus of the guidebook is on the use of problem-solving strategies to help agencies select the interventions most appropriate for their jurisdictions. In particular, the guidebook describes the SARA model (Scanning, Analysis, Response and Assessment), a strategic problem-solving process with which local law enforcement is familiar and can apply to its local gang problem. This is the must-have resource to help law enforcement understanding the factors that contribute to their gang problem and select appropriate responses.
Street Gangs and Interventions: Innovative Problem Solving with Network Analysis COPS COPS Toolkit for Addressing Specific Gang Problems PDF TXT HTML Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), November 2005. This paper briefly reviews the range of prevention, intervention, suppression, and comprehensive strategies, providing examples of each type. It then offers a case study of problem analysis in Newark, New Jersey. The reader will learn the unique utility of network analysis in the resultant problem analysis and understand the important role of an academic research partner. Finally, the paper considers the importance of sustainability with regard to problem analysis.
The Stop Snitching Phenomenon: Breaking the Code of Silence COPS Statistics and Research on Gangs PDF TXT HTML Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), April 2009. The threatening nature of the stop snitching message intimidates witnesses and erodes trust between communities and police by undermining police efforts to involve communities in preventing and combating crime. This also threatens police agencies’ own ability to prevent and solve crime because it impedes investigations, arrests, and convictions, and could severely erode the criminal justice system. This report addresses the problem and includes case studies documenting successful law enforcement and community approaches that have been implemented.
Using Analysis for Problem-Solving: A Guide Book for Law Enforcement COPS COPS Toolkit for Addressing Specific Gang Problems / Related Resources PDF TXT HTML Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), August 2006. This guide provides law enforcement practitioners with a resource for conducting problem analysis. It summarizes many challenges of the analysis phase of the problem-solving process. This book builds on the foundation presented in Problem-Solving Tips: A Guide to Reducing Crime and Disorder Through Problem-Solving Partnerships, and complements the Problem-Oriented Guides for Police Series. The guide also identifies tools for analysis and proposes tips for effectively using each tool.
Violent Crime Impact Teams (VCIT): Focus on Partnerships COPS Statistics and Research on Gangs PDF TXT HTML Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), April 2006. This COPS Innovation document provides background information on the Violent Crime Impact Team initiative and highlights the importance of partnerships as an essential component of its success. Through informational interviews with ATF supervisors in 12 sites, the reader will learn how existing relationships with other agencies and communities were strengthened and new, solid relationships were formed.
Witness Intimidation COPS COPS Toolkit for Addressing Specific Gang Problems / Criminal Behavior of Gangs PDF TXT HTML Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), September 2006. Witness intimidation is but one aspect of the larger set of problems related to protecting crime victims and witnesses from future harms. This guide focuses on the issues and responses that are most relevant to police, although useful resources for prosecutors are highlighted where appropriate.