Criminal Behavior of Gangs

Adolescent Homicides in Los Angeles: Are They Different From Other Homicides? Summary
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National Institute of Justice (NIJ), April 2002. Summarizes the findings of an assessment of comparable samples of adolescent homicides and adult homicides in Los Angeles, concluding that gang factors loom large in the distinction between adolescent and other homicides. (NCJ 193811)

Alcohol and Violence in the Lives of Gang Members
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National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), 2001. This study examines the link between gang culture and alcohol use.

Criminal Behavior of Gang Members and At-Risk Youths
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National Institute of Justice (NIJ), March 1998. This bulletin focuses on the differences between the criminal behaviors of non-gang at-risk youth and gang-affiliated youth. This study concurs with others in its finding that youth gang affiliation increases frequency and violent nature of criminal behavior.

Dreams, Gangs and Guns: The Interplay Between Adolescent Violence and Immigration
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National Institute of Justice (NIJ), Vera Institute of Justice, April 2002. The results of this study is the conclusion of ethnographic research of a neighborhood in NYC which showed that the generation gap between immigrant children and their parents caused them to rely on violent peer groups for protection.

Drive-By Shootings
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Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), April 2007. Drive-by shootings are but one aspect of the larger set of problems related to gang and gun violence. This guide addresses the particular harms drive-by shootings cause by describing the problem of drive-by shootings and reviewing factors that increase its risks. It then identifies a series of questions to help law enforcement analyze their local drive-by shootings problem. Finally, it reviews responses to the problem and what is known about them from evaluative research and police practice.

Gang and Drug-Related Homicide: Baltimore's Successful Enforcement Strategy
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Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA), July 2003. This bulletin examines the phenomenon of violent inner-city gangs and introduces an investigative approach to combating these gangs in Baltimore, Maryland. (NCJ 201509)

Gang Members on the Move
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Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), October 1998. This report focuses on gang migration and proliferation and how these two phenomena may affect each other. (NCJ 171153)

Gang Membership, Delinquent Peers, and Delinquent Behavior
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Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), October 1998. This bulletin covers such topics as gang migration, female involvement in gangs, and the response/needs of communities who must deal with gang activity. (NCJ 171119)

Graffiti
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Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), June 2009. This problem-oriented guide for police addresses effective responses to the problem of graffiti – the wide range of markings, etchings, and paintings that deface public or private property. In recent decades, graffiti has become an extensive problem, spreading from the largest cities to other locales. This guide provides law enforcement with a series of questions to consider when analyzing their local graffiti problem and reviews responses to the problem based on evaluative research and police practice.

Homicide in Los Angeles: An Analysis of the Differential Character of Adolescent and Other Homicides
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Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), March 2002. Describes a research project that placed emphasis on four dimensions of youth violence in the Los Angeles: patterns of gang participation, drug and alcohol involvement, weapons use, and differential patterns among ethnic minorities. (NCJ 193812)

Impact of Gangs on Communities
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National Youth Gang Center (NYGC), August 2006. This bulletin considers the impact of gang-related criminal activity on communities. It examines the impact of youth gangs in more populous cities - those with populations over 50,000.

The Youth Gangs, Drugs, and Violence Connection
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Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), January 1999. This bulletin describes the critical differences between drug gangs and street gangs and explores the connections between youth gangs and adult criminal organizations plus the role of firearms in gang violence. (NCJ 171152)

Violence by Gang Members, 1993-2003
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Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS), June 2005. This report provides estimates of the number and rate of violent crimes committed by offenders that victims perceived to be members of gangs based on the National Crime Victimization Survey data. It also presents information on demographic characteristics of the victims of violence by gang members such as race, age, and gender, and characteristics of the incident such as police notification and number of offenders. (NCJ 208875)

Violence by Teenage Girls: Trends and Context
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Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), May 2008. Examines the involvement of girls in violent activity (including whether such activity has increased relative to the increase for boys) and the contexts in which girls engage in violent behavior. Increasing arrest rates of girls led the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) to convene the Girls Study Group. The Girls Study Group examines strategies to reduce girls’ involvement in violence and delinquency. This OJJDP Bulletin assesses trends of juvenile arrest rates for violent crimes, focusing on simple and aggravated assault. (NCJ 218905)

Violent Neighborhoods, Violent Kids
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Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), March 2002. This bulletin reports the delinquent behavior of boys living in the three most violent neighborhoods in Washington DC and the community institution's involvement in their development. (NCJ 178248)

Witness Intimidation
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Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), September 2006. Witness intimidation is but one aspect of the larger set of problems related to protecting crime victims and witnesses from future harms. This guide focuses on the issues and responses that are most relevant to police, although useful resources for prosecutors are highlighted where appropriate.

Youth Gang Drug Trafficking
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Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), December 1999. This bulletin provides an analysis of extensive youth drug-trafficking data and identifies areas for further research. Also discusses the policy implications of these findings for communities struggling to curb the negative impact of youth gangs in their midst. (NCJ 178282)

Youth Gang Homicides in the 1990s
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Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), March 2001. This fact sheet presents the results of a study of youth gang homicides in American cities in the 1990's. (NCJ 186816)