Youth Disorder & Delinquency

Addressing School-Related Crime and Disorder
PDF | TXT | HTML

Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), Institute for Criminal Justice Ethics, September 2001. Under the COPS funded School-Based Partnerships grant program, law enforcement agencies partnered with schools to address local crime and disorder problems. Grantees utilized problem-solving techniques to better understand the causes of identified problems, apply analysis-driven responses, and evaluate their efforts.

Addressing the Problem of Juvenile Bullying (Fact Sheet)
PDF | TXT

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), June 2001. This fact sheet addresses the prevalence, nature, and effects of bullying, as well as strategies for addressing the problem. (NCJ 188500)

Bullying and Harassment Information for Teens (Fact Sheet)
PDF

National Center for Victims of Crime (NCVC), n.d. This Fact Sheet describes bullying, what a teenager can do if he or she is a victim of bullying, statistics, how to get help, help oneself, or help someone else. Includes references to other sources of information. For more information, visit the NCVC website at www.ncvc.org. *Search for Publication/Content by title.

Bullying in Schools
PDF | TXT | HTML

Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), June 2009. There is always concern about school violence, and police have assumed greater responsibility for helping school officials ensure students’ safety. As pressure increases to place officers in schools, police agencies must decide how best to contribute to student safety. This guide provides police with information about the causes and extent of bullying in schools and recommendations for developing effective approaches and practices that contribute to student safety.

Co-Occurrence of Delinquency and Other Problem Behaviors
PDF

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), November 2000. This Bulletin examines the co-occurrence or overlap of serious delinquency with drug use, problems in school and mental health problems. Findings to date indicate that preventing delinquency requires accurate identification of the risk factors that increase the likelihood of delinquent behavior and the protective factors that enhance positive adolescent development. The Bulletin focuses on persistent serious delinquency and persistent problem behavior occurring for 2 years or more. (NCJ 182211)

Co-Occurrence of Substance Use Behaviors in Youth
PDF

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), November 2008. The main finding is that the occurrence of one substance-use behavior made other substance-use behaviors more likely; for example, 9 percent of all youth ages 12-17 reported marijuana use, and 8 percent said they had sold drugs. Among youth who reported drinking alcohol (23 percent of all youth ages 12-17), the level of marijuana use was 32 percent, and the level of drug selling was 23 percent. Generally, the levels of reported substance use steadily increased with age. Across age groups, there was a substantial overlap of drinking alcohol, using marijuana, and selling drugs.. (NCJ 219239)

Disorderly Youth in Public Places
PDF | TXT | HTML

Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), July 2006. Disorderly youth in public places constitute one of the most common problems facing many police agencies. This problem-oriented guide for police provides a general discussion of the problem of disorderly youth in public places and reviews the factors that contribute to it. The guide also identifies questions to ask when dealing with a disorderly youth problem, proposes numerous responses to the problem, and identifies ways to measure the effectiveness of responses to the problem.

From the Courthouse to the Schoolhouse: Making Successful Transitions
PDF

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), March 2000. A number of significant and innovative programs and strategies have been developed for helping delinquent youth re-enter the education mainstream. Foremost is the trend toward improving communication among all of the agencies and other entities involved in helping these youth develop and achieve positive goals. Communities must forge partnerships among public and private youth-serving agencies to provide a continuum of treatment and aftercare services for juvenile offenders and their families. Education services provided to juvenile offenders, both within juvenile correctional facilities and outside in the community schools, must reflect current education philosophy, curriculum content development, and instructional techniques. Instruction must be relevant to these students' interests and needs and must allow them to make connections to real-life situations. They also need job skills training to prepare them for future employment. This Bulletin includes descriptions of existing programs that provide transitional support for leaving confinement, transitional educational placements, school enrollment, mentoring, and school-based probation.

Graffiti
PDF | TXT | HTML

Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), June 2009. This problem-oriented guide for police addresses effective responses to the problem of graffiti – the wide range of markings, etchings, and paintings that deface public or private property. In recent decades, graffiti has become an extensive problem, spreading from the largest cities to other locales. This guide provides law enforcement with a series of questions to consider when analyzing their local graffiti problem and reviews responses to the problem based on evaluative research and police practice.

National Study of Delinquency Prevention in Schools, Final Report
PDF

National Institute of Justice (NIJ), July 2000. This study was undertaken to develop a comprehensive account of the levels of problem behavior in United States schools and of what schools do to prevent problem behavior and promote a safe and orderly environment. (NCJ 194129)

National Study of Delinquency Prevention in Schools, Summary Report
PDF

National Institute of Justice (NIJ), November 2000. A summary report of the study undertaken to develop a comprehensive account of the levels of problem behavior in United States Schools and of what schools do to prevent such behavior and promote a safe, orderly environment. (NCJ 194116)

Risk and Protective Factors of Child Delinquency
PDF

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), April 2003. This Bulletin, part of OJJDP’s Child Delinquency series, focuses on four types of risk and protective factors: individual, family, peer, and school and community. The focus on risk factors that appear at a young age is the key to preventing child delinquency and its escalation into chronic criminality. (NCJ 193409)

Toward Safe and Orderly Schools--The National Study of Delinquency Prevention in Schools
PDF

National Institute of Justice (NIJ), November 2004. Schools are expected to provide a safe environment and to play an active role in socializing children for their participation in society. In 2000, a federally funded study was conducted to examine delinquency prevention in schools. The study surveyed principals, teachers, program implementers, and students on what the schools were actively doing, through programs, to prevent problem behavior and promote a safe and order environment. The study found that even though nearly all United States public schools were using a variety of delinquency prevention programs and disciplinary practices, most schools were using prevention practices that were either unproven or known to be ineffective. The effective implementation of prevention programs was also limited. The study examined various prevention activities utilized and the percentage of schools using them, as well as successful and unsuccessful program implementations. Ideas and suggestions were presented for the successful implementation of prevention programs which included: focusing on schools with the greatest need, starting within the school, improving training and supervision, involving school staff, the community, and experts, and using more promising practices.

Truancy Reduction: Keeping Students in School
PDF

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), September 2001. The report describes the correlations of family, school, economic, and student factors with truancy; notes truancy’s role as a predictor of delinquency, including juvenile daytime crime; and examines the social and financial impacts of truancy. It also discusses two projects funded by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). These are Abolish Chronic Truancy (ACT) Now operated by the Pima County (AZ) Attorney’s Office and the Truancy Reduction Demonstration Program, a partnership with the Executive office for Weed and Seed and the Safe and Drug-Free Schools Program. These programs build on the strengths and resources of local communities to target truancy from a carrot and stick perspective to provide both the incentive to attend school and meaningful consequences for chronic nonattendance. Evaluations of these programs suggest that challenges in conducting truancy reduction projects include gaining consensus regarding a uniform definition of truancy and a standardized approach to addressing it; gaining cooperation from diverse community players; and implementing effective, data-driven methods for tracking truancy and program impacts. The analysis concludes that truancy is an early warning sign for future problems and requires attention.

Underage Drinking
PDF | TXT | HTML

Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), August 2006. Underage drinkers experience a wide range of alcohol-related health, social, criminal justice, and academic problems. This guide identifies a series of questions that might assist law enforcement in analyzing their local problem. It also reviews responses to the problem and what is known about these from evaluative research and police practice.