Interoperable Communications / Information Sharing
A Framework for Justice Information Sharing: Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA)
Office of Justice Programs (OJP), September 2004. The purpose of this report is to describe the recommendations of the Global Justice Information Sharing Initiative Advisory Committee (GAC) for the design and development of an information system architecture that will support both the operational requirements of justice agencies and the requirements for a national system for information sharing among the justice community.
Building Exchange Content Using the Global Justice XML Data Model: A User Guide for Practitioners and Developers
Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA), June 2005. This users guide provides clear and concise guidance for a novice user to an experienced technology veteran. This project was developed through a partnership of local, state and federal practitioners and is an important step in creating a mechanism where accurate and timely information can be shared among the participants.
Can We Talk? Public Safety and the Interoperability Challenge
National Institute of Justice (NIJ), April 2000. This article reports on the National Institute of Justice's efforts to support agency-to-agency radio communication solutions. This includes the integration of 12 agencies in San Diego County (CA) and the creation of Advanced Generation of Interoperability for Law Enforcement (AGILE) in 1998. AGILE has four main components: supporting research and development; testing, evaluating, and piloting technologies; developing standards; and educating and reaching out to end users and policymakers. The article concludes with a discussion of the future of interoperability.
Fusion Center Guidelines
Guidelines for Establishing and Operating Fusion Centers at the Local, State, and Federal Levels
GJXDM Law Enforcement Information Exchange Package Workshop Report
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), March 2005. The publication of law enforcement Information Exchange Packages (IEPs) ), produced by SEARCH and funded by the COPS Office, provides tangible models and GJXDM content that can be used by local law enforcement agencies pursuing data interoperability and can support information sharing about crimes and offenders throughout the U.S. This report provides information on the workshops which led to the development of these IEPs.
Global Justice XML Data Model
Office of Justice Programs (OJP)/Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA). The Global Justice XML Data Model (Global JXDM) is intended to be a data reference model for the exchange of information within the justice and public safety communities. This guide outlines the updates to the newest version of the model and provides definitions and guidelines regarding GJXML.
Information Exchange Package Documentation
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), March 2005. Information Exchange Package Documentation can significantly help local law enforcement agencies by providing good baseline models for GJXDM conformant information exchange. The COPS Office funded SEARCH to develop this first set of reference IEPDs for law enforcement, which includes an Incident Report, a Field Interview Report, a Booking Report, and a Charging Document.
Interoperability Continuum Brochure
Department of Homeland Security (DHS), April 2005. This brochure outlines the core elements of interoperability according to the stated needs and challenges of the public safety community. It is intended as a tool to aid public safety practitioners and policy makers in their short and long term interoperability efforts. This tool was developed in accordance with DHS Science and Technology Directorateís Office for Interoperability and Compatibilityís SAFECOM program.
Issue Brief 1 - Disaster Planning & Recovery: 9-1-1 Center Survivability
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) and SEARCH, May 2007. This Issue Brief addresses questions about preparing 9-1-1 centers to sustain a catastrophic event and learning from past experiences. It also offers insight into what one might expect and what needs to be thought about to assist 9-1-1 centers to respond to and recover from major and catastrophic events that affect 9-1-1 operations.
Issue Brief 2 - Communications in the Incident Command System
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) and SEARCH, May 2007. This Issue Brief presents background on communications within the National Incident Management System (NIMS) and its Incident Command System. It examines the role of communications within these constructs, as well as in the context of multiagency response to disasters and emergencies. It concludes with operational best practices for effective use of incident communications units.
Issue Brief 3 - Building a Regional Communications Plan
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) and SEARCH, May 2007. A key step in integrating technology and operational requirements is building a regional communications plan. This Issue Brief presents the basic steps in building a regional communications plan to improve interoperability and, ultimately, joint response to emergencies.
Issue Brief 4 - Interoperable Communications Training and Exercises
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) and SEARCH, May 2007. This Issue Brief addresses the importance of interoperable communications training and exercises, and explores the types of exercises available to the public safety community. Communications is not an independent element of emergency response that can be adequately exercised and evaluated in isolation. It is through integrated exercises that communications can be trained in context, tested, evaluated, and set for continuous improvements.
Issue Brief 5 - Performance Measurement and Interoperability
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) and SEARCH, May 2007. This Issue Brief will define interoperable communications, performance measures, the SAFECOM Interoperability Continuum, and provide predictive modeling/statistical measurement solutions. This Issue Brief also presents an overview of how these concepts could be combined to develop a solution for performance measurement and interoperability.
Issue Brief 6 - Project 25: The Quest for Interoperable Radios
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) and SEARCH, May 2007. This Issue Brief addresses questions about Project 25, its history, future, and value to public safety managers and technology managers. It also provides background and current information for decision-makers who may be considering use of radios and radio systems built around standards that have arisen from the project.
Justice Data Exchange Standards
Office of Justice Programs (OJP) Information Technology Initiative, May 2001. This brief explains the importance of standardizing data exchange between law enforcement agencies. The authors argue that as standards are developed and implemented, they should be used as a basis for building industry-specific standards. The authors also look to the future of technology to ensure that any standards developed will remain strategic and feasible.
Law Enforcement Tech Guide for Communications Interoperability: A Guide for Interagency Interoperability Projects
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), October 2006. The Law Enforcement Tech Guide for Communications Interoperability: A Guide for Interagency Communications Projects is a comprehensive, user-friendly guidebook that provides strategies, best practices, and recommendations for public safety agencies seeking to develop or already engaged in interagency communications projects. The guide explores current and emerging technologies in voice and data communications, and provides planning tools to help achieve interoperable communication initiatives. It is intended to serve as a companion to the COPS-funded Law Enforcement Tech Guide: How to plan, purchase and manage technology (successfully!), A Guide for Executives, Managers and Technologists.
National Criminal Intelligence Sharing Plan
Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA), February 2005. The article is a formal intelligence sharing initiative that addresses the security and intelligence needs recognized after September 11th.
Protecting Your Community from Terrorism, volume 4: Production and Sharing of Intelligence
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), March 2005. The fourth volume of the Protecting Your Community From Terrorism series discusses the importance of intelligence-led policing and its correlation with problem-oriented policing principles. The report outlines criteria for an effective intelligence function at all levels of government-highlighted by important sidebar contributions from key players in the fields of intelligence and policing. Among the report's key recommendations is a call to more clearly define "intelligence" and what the needs, expectations and responsibilities are of various agencies in the intelligence community and law enforcement profession, as well as a need for a plan to ensure integrated nationwide and regional intelligence sharing mechanisms.
State and Local Law Enforcement Wireless Communications and Interoperability : A Quantitative Analysis
National Institute of Justice (NIJ), January 1998. This study was designed to ascertain the technological and telecommunications capacities of law enforcement agencies. It also measured the extent and nature of interoperability practiced by the agencies.
When They Can't Talk Lives are Lost
National Institute of Justice (NIJ), February 2003. This brochure acts as a companion to Why Canít We Talk? Working Together to Bridge the Communications Gap to Save Lives. The brochure explains some of the reasons behind interoperability, the importance of interoperability and answers general interoperability questions.
Why Canít We Talk, Working Together to Bridge the Communications Gap to Save Lives
National Institute of Justice, February 2003. This guide provides public officials with information on planning, establishing governance structure, and technology strategies to achieve interoperability, the ability for all responding agencies to communicate on demand and in real time. This guide examines these barriers to interoperability and provides valuable information for local, regional, State, and national public officials on what needs to be done to overcome these barriers and how their involvement can assist in breaking down the barriers. The guide is designed to provide public officials with easy-to-understand information on interoperability.