American Indians and Crime: A BJS Statistical Profile, 1992-2002PDF TXT HTML
Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS), December 2004. This report presents data on American Indians in the criminal justice system and reports the rates and characteristics of violent crimes experienced by American Indians. The findings include the involvement of alcohol, drugs, and weapons in violence against Indians. The report describes victim-offender relationships, the race of those involved in violence against Indians, and the rate of reporting to police by victims. It discusses the rates of arrest, suspect investigations and charges filed, and incarceration of Indians for violent crimes. (NCJ 209097)
American Indian Suicides in Jail: Can Risk Screening Be Culturally Sensitive?PDF
National Institute of Justice (NIJ), June 2005. In a county detention center in a Northern Plains state where American Indians are the dominant cultural minority in both the jail and the community at large, the jail administrator became concerned about the extent of suicidal behavior in the facility and asked researchers to help find the reason. The research found that the American Indian concept of mental illness may cause them to interpret questions about this condition differently, and that a relationship of trust with the interviewer may produce more openness. In view of American Indians’ high incarceration rate and risk of suicide, their experiences could be used to design more culturally sensitive risk assessment protocols. (NCJ 20736)
Assessing Suicide and Risk Behaviors in an Incarcerated American Indian Population: Investigating Culturally Sensitive Risk Assessment Instruments and Procedures in a Border Jail, Final ReportPDF
National Institute of Justice (NIJ), April 2003. This study determined whether a popular contemporary suicide risk assessment tool is culturally appropriate for use with American Indians admitted into a county jail that borders Indian reservations, as well as whether the use of different suicide screening protocols results in a difference in the reliability of detainees' reports of suicide ideation and related risk factors. (NCJ 199363)
Behavioral Sciences Video Resources for Native American, Rural and Other Under-Served Police DepartmentsPDF
National Institute of Justice (NIJ), February 2004. This document presents an overview of the development and evaluation of two stress-related video resources designed for law enforcement officers and family members within Native American jurisdictions. The video covers three essential areas related to understanding and responding effectively to officer stress throughout a career in law enforcement: hypervigilance, disparity, and trauma. (NCJ 204027)
BJA Drug Court Clearinghouse ProjectPDF
Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA), April 2006. A series of charts that summarize Tribal Drug Court activity by state and county.
Bullying in SchoolsPDF TXT
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), July 2006. There is always concern about school violence, and police have assumed greater responsibility for helping school officials ensure students’ safety. As pressure increases to place officers in schools, police agencies must decide how best to contribute to student safety. This guide provides police with information about the causes and extent of bullying in schools and recommendations for developing effective approaches and practices that contribute to student safety.
The Changing Federal Role in Indian CountryPDF
National Institute of Justice (NIJ), April 2001. This journal article discussed the Federal Government’s revised efforts and approach in handling crime and justice on Indian land facing an increasing public safety crisis. American Indians living in the United States are victims of violent crime at more than twice the rate of all U.S. residents and the number of law enforcement officers patrolling tribal lands in far behind the per capita ratio in non-Indian communities. This article described various Federal Government initiatives and collaborative efforts to empower tribes to combat crime at the local level. (NCJ 187712)
The Collaboration Toolkit: How to Build, Fix and Sustain Productive PartnershipsPDF TXT
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), 2001. This toolkit provides practical guidance to law enforcement agencies as they develop and sustain partnerships that support community policing. The toolkit will benefit law enforcement personnel, community-based organizations, educators, youth, government officials, and others seeking to combine efforts to reduce crime and social disorder problems.
Community Policing in Action! A Practitioner's Eye View of Organizational ChangePDF TXT
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), July 2003. Law enforcement agencies are traditionally reluctant to reexamine processes that have proven effective, but what if there’s a better way? This document focuses on nine agencies determined to reorient their organizations around the principles of community policing. It details the challenges they faced in implementing a variety of organizational change projects, and collects the lessons they learned
COPS In Schools: The COPS Commitment to School SafetyPDF TXT
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), March 2004. This fact sheet profiles the training and program requirements for the COPS in Schools (CIS) Program, which is funded under the U.S. Department of Justice Office of Community Oriented Policing Services. Through the CIS Program, almost $715 million has been awarded to more than 2,900 law enforcement agencies to fund more than 6,300 school resource officers (SRO). Through SROs working in partnership with school administrators, community policing strategies are being implemented to prevent school violence and present educational programs designed to improve student and schools' safety.
COPS Tribal Resources Fact SheetPDF TXT
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), 2004. This fact sheet presents the 2004 funding provisions for the Tribal Resources Grant Program (TRGP) and the Tribal Hiring Renewal Grant Program (THRGP), which are part of a battery of programs created by the Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) to meet the needs of law enforcement in Native American communities.
Crime and the New Mexico Reservation: An Analysis of Crime on Native American Land (1996-2002), Executive SummaryPDF
National Institute of Justice (NIJ), December 2005. This is the executive summary of a study that examined crime trends among 16 of the 22 Native American tribes in New Mexico. The crime rates of these reservations were compared to those of Albuquerque, the state as a whole, and the United States. The data analyzed involved crimes reported to tribal police at each reservation, which included all criminal acts committed on specified tribal lands whether or not committed by tribal members. (NCJ 212239)
Development of Peer Support Programs in Native American and Campus Police DepartmentsPDF
National Institute of Justice (NIJ), July 2001. This report presented information about the development, implementation, and evaluation of a peer support stress identification and reduction program in four nontraditional participating law enforcement agencies: White Mountain Apache Tribal Police Department, Tohono O’Odham Nation Police Department, the University of Arizona Police Department, and Pima Community College Department of Safety. The primary purpose of the program was to demonstrate the utility of peer support principles in Native American and campus law enforcement agencies. (NCJ 189123)
Disorderly Youth in Public PlacesPDF TXT
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), July 2006. This guide provides a general discussion of the problem of disorderly youth in public places and reviews the factors that contribute to it. The guide also identifies questions to ask when dealing with a disorderly youth problem, proposes numerous responses to the problem, and identifies ways to measure the effectiveness of responses to the problem.
Gang Reference Card for ParentsHTML
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), October 2005. This quick and easy reference guide provides common warning signs of gang involvement. Parents are encouraged to familiarize themselves with local gangs symbols, seek help early, and consider contacting school officials, local law enforcement, faith leaders, and community organizations for additional assistance. The Gang Reference Card for Parents is available in English, Spanish, Hmong, and Vietnamese.
Guide to Using School COP to Address Student Discipline and Crime ProblemsPDF TXT
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), September 2001. This guide is designed to help school administrators, police officers assigned to a school, and nonsworn school security staff reduce student discipline and crime problems using a new software application called the School Crime Operations Package, or School COP. School COP is designed to enable users record and store detailed information about incidents involving student misconduct and crime.
Healing to Wellness Courts: A Preliminary Overview of Tribal Drug CourtsPDF
Drug Courts Program Office (DCPO), July 1999. This paper shows how the drug court is consistent with traditional Native American tribal concepts of justice and how it can be adapted to meet the specific needs of individual Native American communities. Alcohol or substance abuse is involved in more than 90 percent of the criminal cases in most tribal courts. Tribal courts have only recently adapted and implemented the drug court concept, but they are already achieving positive results. (NCJ 178907)
Innovations: Community Policing in Smaller JurisdictionsPDF TXT
This Innovations piece highlights specific projects and the progress of American law enforcement agencies that received COPS grants and the impact COPS helped make on their communities. Promising Strategies from the Field focuses on ways COPS grantees operationalize and institutionalize community policing strategies to reduce crime and improve communication between law enforcement and the communities in their jurisdictions. This edition, Community Policing in Smaller Jurisdictions, focuses on innovative solutions developed by 11 small- to mid-sized agencies.
Innovations: Creative Partnerships: Supporting Youth, Building CommunitiesPDF TXT
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), September 2002. This Innovations piece highlights community policing approaches to developing partnerships with youth. Three youth-focused programs funded by the COPS Office serve as examples of partnerships that law enforcement, schools, and community organizations can form to address issues of juvenile crime and victimization.
Justice in Indian Country: A Process Evaluation of the U.S. Department of Justice Indian Country Justice Initiative – Final Evaluation ReportPDF
National Institute of Justice (NIJ), April 1998. This study investigates ways to improve coordination among the federal and American Indian Nations (AIN) justice systems. The Indian Country Justice Initiative (ICJI) program was developed to enhance the working relationship among governmental entities to improve the safety and quality of life for AIN citizens. The project examined ways to improve coordination among the federal and AIN justice systems as well as relevant service providers; improve existing systems, including communications and procedures; strengthen offender supervision and treatment; expand prevention, intervention, and training activities; and enforce laws against major crimes, especially those involving violence. (NCJ 181048)
Juvenile Justice Journal, Volume VIII, No. 2 (American Indian Issue)PDF HTML
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), December 2000. This issue of “Juvenile Justice” provides a compendium of information on preventing and combating delinquency among American Indian youth. In an interview, Senator Ben Nighthorse Campbell advises that the greatest challenges facing American Indian youth are overcoming the obstacles to living a normal childhood, receiving a sound education, and being equipped to compete for jobs in the modern economy. The section entitled, “In Brief” contains information on understanding and responding to youth gangs in Indian country; summaries of publications on ensuring justice for American Indian children, starting Boys and Girls Clubs n Indian country, and prevention through empowerment in a Native American community; and a listing of American Indian-focused web sites. (NCJ 184747)
Law Enforcement Intelligence: A Guide for State, Local, and Tribal Law Enforcement AgenciesPDF
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), November 2004. This intelligence guide was prepared in response to requests from law enforcement executives for guidance on intelligence functions in a post-September 11 world. It will help law enforcement agencies develop or enhance their intelligence capacity and enable them to fight terrorism and other crimes while preserving community policing relationships.
Law Enforcement Tech Guide for Small and Rural Police AgenciesPDF
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), November 2005. This practical and user-friendly guidebook is geared to the small and rural police agency, providing strategies, best practices, recommendations, and ideas for successful IT planning and implementation. Agencies with minimal personnel and financing can learn how to implement IT projects from preliminary project planning and project plan creation to technology acquisition, implementation, and maintenance. This guidebook complements the Law Enforcement Tech Guide: How to plan, purchase, and manage technology (successfully!). When used together, they make an impressive toolset for technology implementation.
Law Enforcement Tech Guide: How to plan, purchase, and manage technology (successfully!)PDF
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), September 2002. The Law Enforcement Tech Guide presents best practices in strategic IT planning and procurement, reveals pitfalls to avoid, and consolidates and expands on various sources of relevant information currently available. The Guide reviews best practices to help create a user-friendly product that will provide law enforcement with the tools they need to successfully achieve their IT goals.
Learning All About Court With "BJ": An Activity Book for Children Going To Federal or Tribal CourtPDF
Office for Victims of Crime (OVC). This is an activity book for children going to Federal or Tribal Court. The document contains: (1) Definitions of terms: court, witness, judge, attorney, jury, defendant, and victim advocate; (2) Discussions of why people go to court, what various people do in court and where they sit; (3) words that one might hear in a court; (4) Getting ready for court; and (5) "What If" questions. In addition, youngsters preparing for court will find word games, a crossword puzzle, hidden messages and a word scramble, all built around court activities and personnel and an Activity Book Answer Sheet. Two pages are set aside for youthful readers to write about themselves and to draw a picture of themselves. (NCJ 167252)
OJJDP’s Program of Research for Tribal YouthPDF TXT
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), April 2001. This fact sheet summarizes OJJDP’s tribal youth research activities, which are designed to provide empirical evidence about juvenile justice and delinquency prevention practices and their impact on tribal youth. TYP provides funds directly to tribal communities to develop programs that help prevent and control juvenile delinquency, including violent crime, and improve tribal juvenile justice systems. (NCJ 187530)
OJJDP’s Tribal Youth InitiativesPDF HTML
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), May 2003. This bulletin describes the efforts of the OJJDP to assist tribal communities in addressing risk factors of delinquency. Tribal communities lack the available resources for families and youth, as well as for the social service and law enforcement agencies serving them. OJJDP attempts to address these problems by enhancing Indian country law enforcement and improving the quality of life in tribal communities through its Tribal Youth Initiatives. This bulletin highlights OJJDP’s current activities, under the Tribal Youth Initiative in five program areas. (NCJ193763)
People with Mental IllnessPDF TXT
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), May 2006. This guide describes the challenges police face when dealing with people with mental illness. Police officers encounter people with mental illness in many different types of situation, in roles that include criminal offenders, disorderly persons, missing persons, complainants, victims and persons in need of care. This guide is an essential tool for local law enforcement to analyze their local problems associated with people with mental illness and reviews responses to these problems based on evaluative research and police practice.
Policing on American Indian Reservations, RevisedPDF TXT
National Institute of Justice (NIJ), September 2001. This study takes a broad look at policing in Indian country. The study is an attempt to better understand the many arrangements for administering reservation police departments, to develop an initial assessment of the challenges facing Indian policing, and to identify policing strategies and approaches that might be successful in responding to the growing crime problem in Indian country. (NCJ 188095)
Policing on American Indian ReservationsPDF
National Institute of Justice (NIJ), February 2000. This paper reports on a study that took a broad look at policing in Indian country and evaluated the prospects for community policing on American Indian reservations. The broad look at policing in Indian country was designed to produce a better understanding of the many arrangements for administering reservation police departments, an initial assessment of the challenges facing Indian policing, and the identification of policing approaches that might be successful in responding to the increasing crime problem on Indian reservations. (NCJ 180774)
Problem-Solving Tips: A Guide to Reducing Crime and Disorder through Problem-Solving PartnershipsPDF TXT
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), July 2006. The guide serves as a reference for those in all stages of implementing the problem-solving approach. It contains insights into every stage of the process, most of which are drawn from the experience of law enforcement officers in the field. The guide relies on the SARA model: scanning, analyzing, response, and assessment of problems.
Public Law 280 and Law Enforcement in Indian Country—Research PrioritiesPDF
National Institute of Justice (NIJ), December 2005. This report suggest research priorities for examining the impact of Federal Public Law 83-280 (PL 280), which was enacted in 1953 to transfer federal jurisdiction over offenses involving Indians in Indian country to six states while giving other states an option to assume such jurisdiction. (NCJ 209839)
Results from the Southern Ute Indian Community Safety Survey, Final ReportPDF
National Institute of Justice (NIJ), December 2005. This study of the prevalence and characteristics of crime on the Southern Ute Indian reservation in Colorado was conducted to provide the Tribal Council with recommendations regarding culturally appropriate crime control policy. (NCJ 212237)
School Vandalism and Break-InsPDF TXT
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), July 2005. This manual provides guidelines for assessing the problem of school vandalism and break-ins locally and developing effective responses. A discussion of school vandalism and break-ins notes factors that contribute to the problem, including offender characteristics, motivations, times, and targets. Offenders are typically young males acting in small groups under a range of motivations that include theft, stopping school operations, protesting school policies, and expressing of frustration or rage.
SRO Performance Evaluation: A Guide to Getting ResultsPDF
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), August 2005. The evaluation captures the lessons learned from a COPS-funded, 2-year pilot project conducted by Circle Solutions, Inc. The result is a step-by-step guide to help law enforcement and school personnel use school resource officers (SRO) effectively. To better address school crime and disorder, it also provides guidance on how to match the SRO’s actual performance to their evaluations.
Street Gangs and Interventions: Innovative Problem Solving With Network AnalysisPDF TXT
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), September 2005. This Innovations piece reviews prevention, intervention, suppression, and comprehensive strategies to address this issue of gangs and provides examples of each. It also offers a case study of problem analysis in Newark, New Jersey through the Greater Newark Safer Cities Initiative. This paper discusses the unique utility of network analysis in the resulting problem analysis and emphasizes the important role of an academic research partner. Finally, the piece considers the importance of sustainability with regard to problem analysis.
Strengthening and Rebuilding Tribal Justice Systems: Learning From History and Looking Toward the Future, Executive SummaryPDF
National Institute of Justice (NIJ), March 2005. This is the executive summary of a process evaluation of the comprehensive Indian Resources for community and Law Enforcement (CIRCLE) Project, which provided incentives and opportunities for Indian tribes to improve their justice system components. CIRCLE, which began in 1998, involves a partnership between the U.S. Department of Justice (USDOJ) and the Northern Cheyenne Tribe, Oglala Sioux Tribe, and Pueblo of Zuni for the purpose of strengthening those tribes’ justice systems. (NCJ 210892)
Strengthening and Rebuilding Tribal Justice Systems: Learning From History and Looking Towards the Future, Final ReportPDF
National Institute of Justice (NIJ), March 2005. This is the final report of a process evaluation of the CIRCLE. The improvements begun include strengthening of agency performance, the creation of expansion of support programs for tribal courts, and the development of a culturally based framework for rethinking the design of criminal justice institutions and agencies. (NCJ 210893)
Tackling Crime and Other Public Safety Problems: Case Studies in Problem - SolvingPDF
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), September 1999. This compilation provides detailed descriptions of nearly 50 problem-oriented policing efforts dealing with a wide variety of specific crime and social disorder problems. Editor’s notes are included after each section detailing the noteworthy aspects of each effort.
Training and Technical Assistance for Indian Nation Juvenile Justice SystemsPDF TXT
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), April 1999. The fact sheet describes the funding of four Indian Nations between fiscal years 1992 and 1995 to develop culturally relevant community-based programs to address the needs of young Indian offenders and their families. OJJDP funded a technical assistance program to assist Indian Nations in the design, development, and implementation of such programs. The goal of this ongoing technical assistance program is to help equip Indian Nation governments with the necessary information and tools to develop or enhance comprehensive, systemwide approaches to reduce juvenile delinquency, violence, and victimization, and increase the safety of their communities.
Tribal Court CASA: A Guide to Program DevelopmentPDF TXT
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), June 2002. This fact sheet describes the Tribal Court CASA Project and offers guidance on planning a quality program, working with volunteers, and managing the program. It also lists grant programs that offer funding for Tribal Court CASA programs and provides contact information for National CASA and the Tribal Law and Policy Institute. (NCJ 196400)
Tribal Healing to Wellness Courts: The Key ComponentsPDF TXT
Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA), April 2003. This booklet explains each of 10 key components of Tribal Healing to Wellness Courts (drug courts), followed by several recommended practices that provide guidance for implementing each component. (NCJ 188154)
Tribal Law Enforcement, 2000PDF TXT HTML
Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS), January 2003. This report presents information on the characteristics of tribally operated law enforcement agencies in the United States, including personnel, services, and functions. These selected findings include a special section on crime in Indian country. Agency data are taken from the 2000 Census of State and Local Law Enforcement Agencies. (NCJ 197936)
Tribal Youth ProgramPDF TXT
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), April 1999. This fact sheet describes the OJJDP's Tribal Youth Program that is dedicated to juvenile justice delinquency prevention and control and juvenile justice system improvement in Native American communities. (NCJ 176218)
United National Indian Tribal Youth, Inc.PDF TXT
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), August 2001. This paper describes the history, structure, and current activities of United National Indian Tribal Youth, Inc. (UNITY). UNITY is a nonprofit, national network organization that promotes personal development, citizenship, and leadership among American Indian/Alaska Native youth. Underpinning the UNITY philosophy is the belief that the most effective way to achieve positive and lasting change among American Indian/Alaska Native youth is to prepare them to become informed and contributing members of their tribes, villages, communities, states, and nation. (NCJ 189412)
Using Analysis for Problem-Solving: A Guidebook for Law EnforcementPDF TXT
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), August 2006. This guide provides law enforcement practitioners with a resource for conducting problem analysis. It summarizes many challenges of the analysis phase of the problem-solving process. This book builds on the foundation presented in Problem-Solving Tips: A Guide to Reducing Crime and Disorder Through Problem-Solving Partnerships, and complements the Problem-Oriented Guides for Police Series. The guide also identifies tools for analysis and proposes tips for effectively using each tool.
Youth Gangs in Indian CountryPDF HTML
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), January 2004. This report presents data regarding the presence and effect of youth gang activity in Indian country and an overview of programmatic responses to the problem. It also describes the nature and makeup of youth gangs in Indian country and compares the findings to those from a national sample and a comparison sample. The study provides a detailed national assessment of gang activity in Indian country communities that can guide effective responses to the problem. (NCJ202714)