Publication Name Funding Organization Abstract
2005 National Gang Threat Assessment COPS Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA), 2005. This 2005 National Gang Assessment provides statistics regarding the prevalence of gang activity across the United States. Includes regional trends as well as sections for community response to gangs, and gangs' involvement with terrorist organizations.
A Comprehensive Response to America’s Youth Gang Problem, March 1997 OJJDP Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), March 1997. This fact sheet details the prevalence of youth gangs and provides possible solutions to the problem.
A Guide to Assessing Your Community's Youth Gang Problem OJJDP Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), June 2002. This guide has been developed to assist policymakers, practitioners, and community leaders in assessing and understanding their youth gang problem and developing an integrated plan to reduce gang crime in their community.
Addressing Community Gang Problems: A Model For Problem Solving BJA Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA), January 1997. Proposes a model that attempts to assist local communities in addressing gang problems by focusing on preventive and suppressive methods.
Addressing Community Gang Problems: A Practical Guide BJA Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA), May 1998. Prepared by the Police Executive Research Forum, this is a useful tool providing guidelines for agencies and community groups to develop individualized responses to local gang problems. Provides a foundation for understanding the diverse nature of gangs, the problems they pose, the harm they cause, and two analytical models for addressing gang-related problems.
Addressing School-Related Crime and Disorder COPS Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), September 2001. This report is based on the activities of COPS School Based Partnership grantees. Tips and recommendations are provided for developing successful school-based, problem-solving efforts.
Adolescent Homicides in Los Angeles: Are They Different From Other Homicides? Summary OJJDP National Institute of Justice(NIJ)/Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), April 2002. Summarizes the findings of an assessment of comparable samples of adolescent homicides and adult homicides in Los Angeles, concluding that gang factors loom large in the distinction between adolescent and other homicides.
Alcohol and Violence in the Lives of Gang Members, 2001 NIH National Institute of Health (NIH), 2001. This study examines the link between gang culture and alcohol use.
Assessment of Multi-Agent Approach to Drug Involved Gang Members NIJ National Institute of Justice (NIJ), November 2000. This research assesses the efficacy of a multi-agency project charged with reducing gang crime, specifically drug offenses.
Balanced and Restorative Justice - Program Summary OJJDP Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). Describes the restorative justice framework that promotes involvement of the victim, offender, and community in the justice process and allows juvenile justice systems and agencies to improve their capacity to protect the community and ensure accountability of the offender and the system.
Bureau of Justice Assistance Grantee Resource Center BJA Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA). This section of the BJA website provides links to standard forms, the OJP Financial Guide, OMB Circulars, Program Manager Contact List, and BJA Program Guidelines.
Boston's Operation Night Light: New Roles, New Rules FBI Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), August 1998. This Law Enforcement Bulletin discusses probation and police officers work together in Boston to ensure that high-risk offenders comply with the terms of their probation.
Boys and Girls Clubs of America, October 1995 BJA Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA), October 1995. This fact sheet shows the effectiveness of the Boys and Girls Club on community problems such as drugs.
Bullying in Schools COPS Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), January 2004. There is new concern about school violence, and police have assumed greater responsibility for helping school officials ensure students´ safety. As pressure increases to place officers in schools, police agencies must decide how best to contribute to student safety. Will police presence on campuses most enhance safety? If police cannot or should not be on every campus, can they make other contributions to student safety? What are good approaches and practices?
Causes and Correlates of Delinquency Program, April 1999 OJJDP Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), April 1999. The purpose of this project is to determine how youth delinquency problems develop within the context of their community, family, and peers.
Checkpoints FBI Federal Bureau of Law Enforcement (FBI), March 1998. This Law Enforcement Bulletin discusses how police departments should consider fourth amendment implications of limiting access to high-crime areas.
Combating Fear and Restoring Safety in Schools BJA Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), April 1998. This bulletin examines the climate of violence that threatens our schools and describes steps that concerned citizens are taking to restore security and calm.
Comprehensive Gang Model: Planning for Implementation OJJDP Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), July 2002. Describes the model, and provides information on the data behind it, criteria for strategies to implement the model, developing an implementation plan, staffing, street outreach, evaluation, and lessons learned from five urban sites.
Conflict Resolution OJJDP Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), March 1997. Teaching young people how to manage conflict can help reduce juvenile violence in juvenile facilities, schools, and communities while providing lifelong decision-making skills. This fact sheet discusses four approaches to conflict resolution education: process curriculum, peer mediation, peaceable classroom, and peaceable school.
Conflict Resolution Education: A Guide to Implementing Programs in Schools, Youth-Serving Organizations, and Community and Juvenile Justice Settings OJJDP Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), October 1996. Geared toward educators, juvenile justice practitioners, and others in youth-serving organizations, this guide provides background information on conflict resolution education, an overview of four effective approaches, and guidance on how to initiate and implement conflict resolution education programs.
Criminal Behavior of Gang Members and At-Risk Youths, October 1998 NIJ National Institute of Justice (NIJ), March 1998. This bulletin focuses on the differences between the criminal behaviors of non-gang at-risk youth and gang-affiliated youth. This study concurs with others in its finding that youth gang affiliation increases frequency and violent nature of criminal behavior.
Cruising COPS Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), January 2005. A general discussion of the problem of cruising (defined as unnecessary repetitive driving) and the factors that contribute to it. Identifies questions to ask when dealing with the problem, and proposes responses to, and identifies ways to measure the effectiveness of responses to the problem.
Designing Out Gang Homicides and Street Assaults NIJ National Institute of Justice (NIJ), November 1998. Describes the Los Angeles Police Department's successful "Operation Cul de Sac" program for reducing gang violence by blocking automobile access to certain streets.
Disorderly Youth in Public Places COPS Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), June 2002. This guide provides a general discussion of the problem of disorderly youth in public places and reviews the factors that contribute to it. The guide also identifies questions to ask when dealing with a disorderly youth problem, proposes numerous responses to the problem and identifies ways to measure the effectiveness of responses to the problem.
Dreams Gangs and Guns: The Interplay Between Adolescent Violence and Immigration, 2000 NIJ National Institute of Justice (NIJ), April 2002. The results of this study is the conclusion of ethnographic research of a neighborhood in NYC which showed that the generation gap between immigrant children and their parents caused them to rely on violent peer groups for protection.
Drug Dealing in Open-Air Markets COPS Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), January 2005. Describes the problem of open-air markets—the lowest level of the drug distribution network—and reviews the factors that increase the risks of drug dealing in such markets. A series of questions will help local law enforcement analyze local problems, while a review of responses to the problem will describe what is known from evaluative research and police practice.
Drug Dealing in Privately Owned Apartment Complexes COPS Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), September 2003. This guide focuses on drug dealing in privately owned apartment complexes. The guide makes a clear distinction between open- and closed-drug markets, provides information on what is known about each market type, and provides questions to ask when analyzing each market. It also proposes various responses designed to close drug markets and provides a full range of problem-specific measures to determine the effectiveness of those responses.
Early Precursors of Gang Membership: A Study of Seattle Youth OJJDP Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), December 2001. The Seattle Social Development Project is a longitudinal study of youth living in high-crime neighborhoods and the predictors that lead to participation in gangs.
Employment and Training for Court-Involved Youth: An Overview OJJDP Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), April 1999. This bulletin provides an overview of the work of the Task Force on Employment and Training for Court-Involved Youth and describes promising programs: early intervention, residential, and aftercare.
Epidemiology of Serious Violence OJJDP Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), June 1997. This bulleting answers basic questions about the varying levels of involvement in violent acts according to age, sex, and ethnicity and recommends a public health model of prevention, treatment, and control.
Establishment of a Police Gang Unit: An Examination of Rational and Institutional Considerations, December 2000 NIJ U.S Department of Justice (DOJ), December 2000. This study uses a multidimensional method to ascertain the factors that shaped their decisions about a community's gang problem.
Evaluating G.R.E.A.T.: A School-Based Gang Prevention Program NIJ National Institute of Justice (NIJ), June 2004. The results of a 5-year study of the Gang Resistance Education and Training (G.R.E.A.T.) program reveal that the program has modest positive effects on adolescent attitudes and delinquency risk factors but no effects on their involvement in gangs and actual delinquent behaviors.
Excellence in Problem Oriented Policing: Herman Goldstein Award Winner and Finalists (video) COPS Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS)/National Institute of Justice(NIJ). This video created by the Police Executive Research Forum discusses the SARA model of problem oriented policing using San Diego’s winning graffiti project as a model.
Female Gang Involvement in a Midwestern City: Correlates, Nature and Meanings DOJ Department of Justice (DOJ), December 1999. A comparative survey conducted in Columbus, Ohio of young girls who are gang members and those who are not. Correlates gang involvement among girls, the life contexts shaping their participation, the meanings they attribute to it, and the structures and activities of the gangs and the girls' roles in them.
Female Gangs: A Focus on Research OJJDP OJJDP Juvenile Justice Bulletin, March 2001. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). The article summarizes past and present research into female gangs and tracks their rise in number and the increased public recognition of female gang involvement as a significant social problem.
Gang Activity in Orange County, California: Final Report to the National Institute of Justice OJJDP National Institute of Justice (NIJ), February 2000. Report on a study conducted by the University of California, Irvine, at the request of the Orange County Chiefs' and Sheriff's Association (OCCSA) to evaluate and monitor the effectiveness of OCCSA's community-based, multi-agency efforts to address gang violence and to help develop strategies to prevent and control illegal gang activity. Also evaluated was the OCCSA's Gang Incident Tracking System.
Gang and Drug-Related Homicide: Baltimore's Successful Enforcement Strategy OJJDP Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA), July 2003. This bulletin examines the phenomenon of violent inner-city gangs and introduces an investigative approach to combating these gangs in Baltimore, Maryland.
Gang Homicide in LA, 1989, 2001 February 2004 CA Atty. Gen. Office California Attorney General, February 2004. Explores youth gang homicide in Los Angeles County. Argues that the environment of LA has created a gang culture unique to the rest of California.
Gang Members on the move, October 1998 OJJDP Office of Justice Programs (OJP), October 1998. This report focuses on gang migration and proliferation and how these two phenomena may affect each other.
Gang Membership, Delinquent Peers, and Delinquent Behavior OJJDP Office of Justice Programs (OJP), October 1998. This bulletin covers such topics as gang migration, female involvement in gangs, and the response/needs of communities who must deal with gang activity.
Gang Reference Card for Parents (English) COPS Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS). The reference card lists warning signs that a child might be involved with gangs and what parents can do to prevent gang involvement.
Gang Reference Card for Parents (en Espanol) COPS Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS). The reference card lists warning signs that a child might be involved with gangs and what parents can do to prevent gang involvement.
Gang Reference Card for Parents (Hmong) COPS Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS). The reference card lists warning signs that a child might be involved with gangs and what parents can do to prevent gang involvement.
Gang Reference Card for Parents (Vietnamese) COPS Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS). The reference card lists warning signs that a child might be involved with gangs and what parents can do to prevent gang involvement.
Gang Structures, Crime Patterns, and Police Responses NIJ National Institute of Justice (NIJ), June 2001. Provides data on how street gang crime patterns related to common patterns of street gang structure provide focused, data-based guidelines for gang intervention and control.
Gang Structures, Crime Patterns, and Police Responses: A Summary Report NIJ National Institute of Justice (NIJ), June 2001. Provides data on how street gang crime patterns related to common patterns of street gang structure provide focused, data-based guidelines for gang intervention and control.
Gang Suppression and Intervention: Community Models, October 1994 OJJDP Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), October 1994. This summary presents the results of the study team's assessment of youth gang problems and responses across the U.S. It demonstrates the need for effective gang suppression and intervention programs.
Gangs and Victimization at School, July 1995 DOE U.S. Department of Education (DOE), July 1995. This study found that the prevalence of gangs does not depend on racial characteristics of a school or whether or not it was urban or suburban. The study did find that the presence of gangs predicted the amount of victimization and fear present in a school.
Gangs in Middle America: Are They a Threat? December 2001 FBI Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), December 2001. Examines the history of gangs in the Midwest and their threat. The article also covers the topic of gang migration.
Gangs in Rural America, Final Report NIJ National Institute of Justice (NIJ), September 2001. Using the National Youth Gang Surveys (NYGS), this study has two components. First, the NYGS data were merged with other county level data to create a unique data set for considering the relationship between reports of gang presence and county level social, economic, and demographic characteristics. Second, the study used interviews with agencies in rural counties that reported gang presence, the nature of gang problems, and effective responses to rural gangs.
Gangs Structures, Crime Patterns, and Police Responses NIJ National Institute of Justice (NIJ), June 2001.  Provides data on how street gang crime patterns related to common patterns of street gang structure provide focused, data-based guidelines for gang intervention and control.
Gangs Structures, Crime Patterns, and Police Responses: A Summary Report NIJ National Institute of Justice (NIJ), June 2001. Provides focused, data-based guidelines for gang intervention and control. It estimates the national prevalence of various types of gang structures and perceived patterns of associated criminal activity and constructs crime profiles for the most common gang structures. Data sources include law enforcement gang experts in 59 cities and information from 110 candidate cities regarding their capacity to furnish crime data linked to different types of gangs. The study concludes that if the nation is to base gang-control policies on police-recorded gang data, then law enforcement will need major assistance in accurately reflecting the nature of gang arrests.
Graffiti COPS Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), February 2002. This guide addresses effective responses to the problem of graffiti—the wide range of markings, etchings and paintings that deface public or private property. In recent decades, graffiti has become an extensive problem, spreading from the largest cities to other locales. Despite the common association of graffiti with gangs, graffiti is widely found in jurisdictions of all sizes, and graffiti offenders are by no means limited to gangs.
Gang Resistance Education and Training Program (G.R.E.A.T) BJA The G.R.E.A.T. Program is a school-based, law enforcement officer-instructed classroom curriculum. The program's primary objective is prevention and is intended as an immunization against delinquency, youth violence, and gang membership.
G.R.E.A.T. Program Information BJA Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA), 2004. The G.R.E.A.T. Program is a school-based, law enforcement officer-instructed classroom curriculum. The program's Primary objective is prevention and is intended as an immunization against delinquency, youth violence, and gang membership. The lessons focus on providing life skills to students to help them avoid delinquent behavior and violence to solve problems.
Guide for Implementing the Balanced and Restorative Justice Model OJJDP Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), December 1998. This document will assist juvenile justice professionals in implementing this approach to juvenile justice through its three components: accountability, competency development, and community safety.
Gun Use by Male Juveniles: Research and Prevention OJJDP Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), July 2001. This bulletin draws on data from OJJDP's Rochester Youth Development Study to examine patterns of gun ownership and gun carrying among adolescents. Also addresses the interrelationship between gangs and guns and describes efforts to reduce the illegal carrying of guns by youth.
Gun Violence Among Serious Youth Offenders COPS Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), March 2004. The guide describes and addresses the serious problem of youth gun violence and reviews factors that increase its risks. To help readers analyze their particular problems related to gun violence, the publication provides questions to guide them, reviews responses used by other police departments, and discusses what is known from evaluative research and police practice.
Highlights of the 1999 National Youth Gang Survey OJJDP Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), November 2000. This fifth annual gang survey conducted by the National Youth Gang Center indicates that 3,911 jurisdictions in the Untied States experienced gang activity in 1999, a 19 percent decline from the high of 4,824 in 1996.
Highlights of the 2001 National Youth Gang Survey OJJDP Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), April 2003. This seventh annual survey conducted by the National Youth Gang Center showed that an estimated 3,000 jurisdictions across the United States experienced gang activity in 2001.
Highlights of the 2002 National Youth Gang Survey OJJDP Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), April 2004. This is the eighth annual survey conducted by the National Youth Gang Center. The report provides preliminary evidence that the overall number of jurisdictions experiencing gang problems in a given year may be stabilizing.
Homicide in Los Angeles: An Analysis of the Differential Character of Adolescent and Other Homicides OJJDP Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), March 2002. Describes a research project that placed emphasis on four dimensions of youth violence in the Los Angeles: patterns of gang participation, drug and alcohol involvement, weapons use, and differential patterns among ethnic minorities.
How to Analyze and Battle Incidents of Graffiti: CgrAs - Citywide Graffiti Abatement System COPS Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS). The Crime Mapping Newsletter, Spring 2004 edition was published by the Police Foundation. Describes the development by the Santa Monica (California) Police Department of a GPS-based system for accessing, mapping, and analyzing incidents of graffiti, and for providing detailed information about sources of graffiti, perpetrator target locations, and the nature of the graffiti.
Hybrid and Other Modern Gangs OJJDP Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), December 2001. This piece describes the nature of modern youth gangs, in particular, hybrid gangs which are characterized by mixed racial and ethnic participation within a single gang.
Modern-Day Youth Gangs OJJDP Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), June 2002. The article compares the characteristics of gangs and gang members in jurisdictions with later onset of gang problems with those of gangs and gang members with earlier onset of gang problems.
National Gang Crime Research Center NGCRC The NGCRC conducts research on gangs and gang members, disseminates information through publications and reports, and provides training and consulting services.
National Evaluation of the Gang Resistance Education and Training (G.R.E.A.T.) Program, Final Report OJJDP National Institute of Justice (NIJ), September 2002. A report on the multiyear, multifaceted evaluation of one school-based gang-prevention program, the Gang Resistance Education and Training (G.R.E.A.T.) program, in which uniformed law enforcement officers teach a 9-week curriculum to middle school students.
National Institute of Justice 2002 Annual Report NIJ National Institute of Justice (NIJ), 2002. Highlights NIJ's research and development activities during fiscal year 2002 in such areas as terrorism, violence against women and family violence, science and technology, and community safety. Details NIJ's increased commitment to program evaluation and describes how new-look print and electronic products and electronic-based dissemination will make policy relevant research more readily available to policymakers and practitioners. Also contains financial and web data and lists of awards, conferences, and products.
National Youth Gang Center NYGC The purpose of the NYGC is to assist policymakers, practitioners, and researchers in their efforts to reduce youth gang involvement and crime by contributing information, resources, practical tools, and expertise towards the development and implementation of effective gang prevention, intervention, and suppression strategies.
New Program Supports Community Anti-gang Efforts OJJDP Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), September/October 2003. The Gang Reduction Program (GRP), a priority of the OJJDP, is underway in four pilot sites and has a clear goal: reducing youth gang crime and violence in targeted neighborhoods by helping communities take an integrated approach to applying proven practices in primary and secondary prevention, intervention, suppression, and reentry.
Office of Justice Programs (OJP) State Administering Agencies OJP Many OJP grants are awarded directly to state governments, which then set priorities and allocate funds within that state. For more information on how a state intends to distribute formula grant funds, conact the state administering agency. In addition, information is available for the information technology point of contact in each state.
OJJDP Comprehensive Gang Model: A Guide to Assessing Your Community's Youth Gang Problem OJJDP Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), June 2002. This guide will assist policymakers, practitioners, and community leaders in assessing and understanding their youth gang problems and developing an integrated plan to reduce gang crime in their communities.
Planning a Successful Crime Prevention Project OJJDP Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), April 1998. The bulletin is a workbook designed to help youth counselors plan, select, design, and implement a successful crime-prevention project for a community using a five-step Success Cycle.
Police Response to Gangs: A Multi-Site Study NIJ National Institute of Justice (NIJ), April 2004. Prepared by Arizona State University West, this research report describes the assumptions, issues, problems, and events that have been characterizing, shaping, and defining police response to local gang problems in the United States, centering on Albuquerque, New Mexico; Inglewood, California; Las Vegas, Nevada; and Phoenix, Arizona.
Policing by Injunction: Problem-Oriented Dimensions of Civil Gang Abatement in the State of California NIJ National Institute of Justice (NIJ), November 2002. Civil gang abatement is promoted as a problem-oriented response to high-drug, high-crime, and high-disorder initiatives. This report looks at the dimensions of flexibility and community involvement in this process.
Preventing Adolescent Gang Involvement OJJDP Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), September 2000. This publication offers a solid foundation on which to build a comprehensive strategy to prevent youth gang involvement, examining the youth gang problem within the larger context of juvenile violence. Describes key characteristics of youth gangs, and the risk factors for gang membership, including individual and family demographics, personal attributes, and peer group, school, and community factors.
Preventing Adolescent Gang Involvement OJJDP Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). Offers a solid foundation on which to build a comprehensive strategy to prevent youth gang involvement, examining the youth gang problem within the larger context of juvenile violence. Describes key characteristics of youth gangs, and the risk factors for gang membership, including individual and family demographics, personal attributes, and peer group, school, and community factors.
Preventing Gang and Drug-Related Witness Intimidation NIJ National Institute of Justice (NIJ), November 1996. Report describes how several jurisdictions have carried out victim/witness security strategies and offers a blueprint for combining the approaches into a comprehensive, structured program to protect witnesses and help ensure their cooperation with the justice system.
Preventing Violence the Problem-Solving Way OJJDP Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), April 1999. This bulletin describes the specific interpersonal cognitive problem-solving skills that relate to high-risk behaviors and their use by "Raising a Thinking Child," a primary prevention program for children ages 4 to 7 and their parents. By teaching their children to think first and to think constructively, parents can contribute to preventing violence the problem-solving way.
Promising Strategies to Reduce Gun Violence OJJDP Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), February 1999. Publication is designed as a toolbox to provide law enforcement, state and local elected officials, prosecutors, judges, community organizations, and other policymakers with practical information about a range of strategies for reducing gun violence.
Prosecuting Gang Cases: What Local Prosecutors Need to Know APRI Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA), April 2004. The goal of this report is to provide trial strategies for prosecutors of gang cases.
Reducing Gun Violence: The Boston Gun Project's Operation Cease-fire NIJ National Institute of Justice (NIJ), September 2001. As part of the NIJ's Reducing Gun Violence publication series, this report is a problem-oriented policing initiative aimed at taking on the serious problem of homicide victimization among youths in Boston. It details the problem, the program designed to address it, problems confronted in designing, implementing, and evaluating the effort, plus strategies in response to obstacles.
Regional Information Sharing Systems (RISSINFO) BJA Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA). The Regional Information Sharing Systems (RISS) Program is an innovative law enforcement program that receives federal funding to support regional law enforcement efforts to combat terrorist activity, illegal drug trafficking, organized criminal activity, criminal gangs, violent crime, and other regional criminal priorities and to promote officer safety. On national-scope issues, the six regional centers initiate joint, cross-center efforts, coordinating and cooperating as one body.
Regional Information Sharing Systems ATIX (RISS ATIX) BJA Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA). RISS ATIX™ participants include executives and officials from governmental and nongovernmental entities. Participants are designated into a specific group based on their role regarding the prevention, response, mitigation, and recovery efforts of terrorism and disasters. Each group is referred to as an ATIX community. ATIX communities include local, county, state, tribal, and federal government; law enforcement; emergency management; disaster relief; utilities; and, among others, the chemical, transportation, and telecommunication industries.
Responding to Gangs: Evaluation and Research NIJ National Institute of Justice (NIJ), July 2002. A collection of papers representative of the National Institute of Justice's portfolio of gang-related research. Ten chapters present different aspects of gang problems and research.
Specialized Gang Units:
Form and Function in Community Policing, October 2004
NIJ National Institute of Justice (NIJ), October 2004. This research examined whether community policing and specialized gang units are complementary or conflicting approaches. The research approach consisted of qualitative examination of police department procedures and practices, and extensive field observation of gang personnel.
Street Gangs and Interventions: Innovative Problem Solving with Network Analysis COPS Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), November 2005. This COPS Innovations piece reviews prevention, intervention, suppression, and comprehensive strategies to address this issue of gangs and provides examples of each. It also offers a case study of problem analysis in Newark, New Jersey through the Greater Newark Safer Cities Initiative. This paper discusses the unique utility of network analysis in the resultant problem analysis and emphasizes the important role of an academic research partner. Finally, the piece considers the importance of sustainability with regard to problem analysis.
Street Gangs and Drug Sales in Two Suburban Cities, September, 1995 NIJ National Institute of Justice (NIJ), September 1995. Examines gangs involvement in violence and drug sales in two Los Angeles neighborhoods. The statistical connection between street gangs, drug sales, and violence was smaller than anticipated.
Street Prostitution COPS Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), June 2002. Focusing on the problem of female street prostitutes, this guide provides practitioners with information regarding prostitutes, their clients, pimps and panderers as well as explaining the transaction, the environment associated with the problem, and describing the linkage between prostitution and drugs. The guide provides questions to ask when dealing with the problem of street prostitution, identifies potential responses to the problem and proposes measures to assess the effectiveness of response approaches.
Street Racing COPS Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), December 2004. Describes the problem of street racing, the factors that contribute to it, and the dangers it poses. A series of questions will help local law enforcement analyze local problems, while a review of responses to the problem describes what is known from evaluative research and police practice.
The Growth of Youth Gang Problems in the United States: 1970–98 OJJDP Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), April 2001. Provides information on statistical trends in the development of youth gang problems during the last 3 decades of the 20th century.
The Youth Gang's Drugs and Violence Connection OJJDP Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), January 1999. This bulletin describes the critical differences between drug gangs and street gangs and explores the connections between youth gangs and adult criminal organizations plus the role of firearms in gang violence.
The Crime Mapping Newsletter, Summer 2004 NIJ Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), Summer 2004. This newsletter was published by the Police Foundation. The first article is about factors to consider when creating gang maps for analysis; the second article discusses the use of mapping in analyzing specific gang activity; the third article describes an intelligence process used to combat gang and gang networking.
Understanding Life in an East LA, July 1996 HHS Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), July 1996. This is a comparative study of non-gang and gang families in an East LA neighborhood. Differentiating features of both types of families are identified.
Urban Street Gang Enforcement NIJ Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA), January 1997. This monograph focuses on enforcement and prosecution strategies against urban street gangs. The model programs presented are based on the practical experiences of agencies that participated in a demonstration program funded by the Bureau of Justice Assistance.
Victim and Witness Intimidation: New Developments and Emerging Responses NIJ National Institute of Justice (NIJ), October 1995. This 16-page report summarizes developments in gang- and drug-related intimidation of victims and witnesses, responses by police and prosecutors to the problem, and models and strategies for its prevention and suppression.
Vietnamese Youth Gang Involvement OJJDP Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), February 2001. This bulletin discusses the results of a study by the city of Westminster in Orange County, California that examined the factors related to gang involvement by Vietnamese American youth.
Violent Neighborhoods, Violent Kids, March 2000 OJJDP Office of Justice Programs (OJP), March 2002. This bulletin reports the delinquent behavior of DC boys living in the three most violent neighborhoods in DC and the community institution's involvement in their development.
Youth Gang Bibliography OJJDP Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), February 2001. A 110-page bibliography of gang literature from the National Youth Gang Center.
Youth Gang Drug Trafficking OJJDP Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), December 1999. This bulletin provides an analysis of extensive youth drug-trafficking data and identifies areas for further research. Also discusses the policy implications of these findings for communities struggling to curb the negative impact of youth gangs in their midst.
Youth Gang Homicides in the 1990s OJJDP Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), March 2001. This fact sheet presents the results of a study of youth gang homicides in American cities in the 1990's.
Youth Gang Programs and Strategies OJJDP Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), August 2000. This report draws on more than 50 years of gang program evaluations. It outlines programs and strategies that have been and are being used to break the lure and appeal of gangs and reduce gang crime and violence.
Youth Gangs in Indian Country, March 2004 OJJDP Office of Justice Programs (OJP), March 2004. This study analyzes the prevalence of gangs and violence among American Indian communities.
Youth Gangs in Schools OJJDP Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), August 2000. This bulletin analyzes findings from the School Crime Supplements to the National Crime Victim Survey. Describes characteristics of gangs in schools and discusses contributory factors to gang prevalence in schools. Also reviews the impact on victimization of gang presence in schools.
Youth Gangs in Schools, August 2000 OJJDP Office of Justice Programs (OJP), August 2000. This bulletin covers such topics as gang migration, female involvement in gangs, and the response/needs of communities who must deal with gang activity.
Youth Gangs: An Overview OJJDP OJJDP Juvenile Justice Bulletin, August 1998. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). Looks at the history of youth gangs and their demographic characteristics and assesses the scope of the youth gang problem, including gang problems in juvenile detention and correctional facilities. States that successful gang intervention and suppression must build on services already in place in our communities to develop a comprehensive approach that will enhance the capacity of the juvenile justice system.